Theory X and Theory Y
Understanding Team Member Motivation
What motivates employees to go to work each morning?
Many people get great satisfaction from their work and take great pride in it; Others may view it as a burden, and simply work to survive.
This question of motivation has been studied by Management theorists and social psychologists for decades, in attempts to identify successful approaches to Management.
Social psychologist Douglas McGregor of MIT expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: The X Theory and the Y Theory. McGregor promoted Theory Y as the basis of good management practice, pioneering the argument that workers are not merely cogs in the company machinery, as Theory X-Type organizations seemed to believe.